Life 3.0, what it means to be human in the era of artificial intelligence addresses the immediate future that awaits us in various fields, such as work, justice, crime or war. It is with the participation of artificial intelligence algorithms.
For this, the author, Max Tegmark, resorts to a trimester division of life: 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0, just where we are now.
Three Types Of Life
The author divides the development of life into three phases, depending on the ability she has to design herself:
- Life 1.0 (biological phase): its hardware and software are the results of evolution. This came into existence about 4 billion years ago.
- Vida 2.0 (cultural phase): your hardware is the result of evolution: design a good part of your software. A hundred millennia ago it came into existence.
- Vida 3.0 (technological phase): It helps to design both your software and your hardware. It appears in the XX century and, above all, the XXI century.
Max Tegmark is a professor of physics at MIT and co-founder of the Future of Life Institute, and he is undoubtedly a techno-optimist, as reflected in each of the pages of the book. That has its good part: conditional optimism is necessary to fix the world. But also it’s a negative part: that conditional optimism demolishes in naive optimism.
However, the book has a different style and approach than usual, as slightly more schematic, with tables, summaries or graphics that allow you to understand in a single stroke the interaction between different complex factors. Which is necessary from time to time, because Tegmark also dares to address superintelligence, awareness and the ultimate physical limits of life in the universe?
Chapter 1 From Life 3.0
From this point on in Chapter I, the author discovers his intentions in a crude way: the conversation of the future of life with AI is the most important conversation of our time. Is it really? The first powerful idea that is transmitted is its definition of what is Life and its evolution from life 1.0 through 2.0 to 3.0. The good thing about these definitions is that they do not necessarily imply a biological substrate. It also makes an interesting breakthrough on the degree of speculation that it makes on each of the following chapters of the book, in which it will address from the near future, going through the next 10,000 years until reaching the future on a cosmic scale (the following thousands of millions of years).
Chapter 2 From Life 3.0
In chapter II, the author discusses how matter becomes intelligence, the fundamentals of intelligence. Special attention for aspiring generalist experts is their explanation that memory, computing, learning, and intelligence are independent of the substrate. These concepts will be used masterfully in the final part of the book.
Chapter 3 From Life 3.0
Chapter III, concerning the near future is the one that may suffer the greatest wear and tear over time, since it talks about how AI will affect laws, weapons and the economy in general and work in particular, adding some interesting nuances to what we have already seen in Chronicles of a human in the digital age in previous articles . Special mention deserves to be divided into three questions that he asks about the question: When will a human-level AI be achieved?